Tuesday, 13 February 2018

Break free from Exam Stress - Livi K Yeptho, Assistant Professor, Department of Education.

image source- indiaeducation.net






Stress is a common problem that affects almost all of us, particularly students at some point in their lives. Many times, stress helps people stay more focused and energetic. But beyond a certain point it can become a ‘Distress’. As such, it is essential to know how to tackle stress before it gets the better out of us.







Break free from Exam Stress 



With Exam season around the corner, high levels of stress and burnout can hamper the students  and give unreasonable panic attacks  which may result in fatigue, forgetfulness, anxiety, loss of interest, drastic change in their attention span, insomnia, dizziness, frustration and headache. Stress is an emotional pressure and a mental fatigue of a person which is commonly faced in every aspect of life. There can be lots of pressure on students and one of it is the examination stress which can make stress levels get out of hand and can hinder the students from performing their best. Examinations are crucial and an unavoidable part of student’s life that can be tough to crack, and the stress that comes with along it, is a common issue dealt with by the students throughout their academic life. However, stressing out will only make it harder to take the exam. Here are some reasons responsible for the cause of stress experienced during or before exams:

Lack of preparation: The lesser you study the more you become tense and worried. Studying at the eleventh hour brings you a heavy burden and would make you realise that you don’t have much time for preparation as the syllabus is vast to cover up within the stipulated time.

Self comparison with the mates and competition: With the rise in competition among the students they tend to compare themselves with others causing lot of pressure that leads to stress with the fear of failure. As the old saying goes “Comparison is the thief of joy” Try not to compare other people’s revision with your own for this will only end up making you more tensed.

Family pressure: High expectation from the parents’ end may cause anxiety and nervousness for some students as they have to strive to match up to their parent’s expectations by not withstanding his/her capabilities.

To tackle these situations here are some useful tips to prepare for exam and overcome stress:

Plan a routine: Count the number of days or months left before the exam and divide the number of days so that you can cover up the syllabus. To help sort out your time, organise your routine accordingly, balancing the subjects that you need to give more time. Establish a consistent study routine and stick to it regularly.  There is a saying that preparation holds the key. So studying regularly will make you feel more prepared and therefore less stressed. Find the right time to study i.e., morning, evening or night time. Pick a time which you think you have the greatest potential that can give the best use of it during your study period. Shift between the study subject categories after a day or two as studying particular subjects for more than a week can make you feel frustrated. As soon as you start studying any topic write yourself down a study guide by extracting the important points and terms that can help you remember or recall back after you go through the whole revision.

Review your syllabus and utilize your calendar: Mark on your calendar how many days you need to cover up a particular syllabus or a subject and divide the number of days left for your exams accordingly with the number of subjects in your own adjustments.

Take breaks and get enough sleep: Take frequent breaks in between your study by taking a walk to a garden, park or around your neighborhood. It can ease off the tension and enhance your brain activity. Take 6-7 hours of sleep for optimal health boost and well being. One of the important roles of sleep is to help us consolidate memories.

Follow healthy eating habits: Eat healthy foods that are rich in vitamins and proteins. Take vegetables and fruits as it can enhance overall relaxing effects to your body and avoid consuming too much fats and food products that are heavily processed. Consume less meat during exam days or if you do so, add roughage to your diet that can help in further discomfort. Also never skip breakfast as it can boost energy early in the morning.

Strive to relax when you feel tensed: Keeping things bottled up will make you worse so talk out your stress with friends and family to keep yourself relaxed. And also stay away from stressful people as it can make you feel more tensed.

Take time for revision: Before going to bed take few minutes for memorization and revision of important points or answers but avoid cramming. And make sure that your stationary things along with your admit card is ready for the next day.

Be punctual: Most students are vulnerable to stress on the first day of examination by becoming nervous and overwhelmed. The best way to overcome unnecessary stress on the first day is to arrive 15-30 minutes ahead at the examination venue. Focus on yourself and ensure that you take all your personal belongings with you before you enter your exam hall.

Sometimes, little stress can be a good thing as it motivates us to work even harder.  There is a saying that “the best view comes after the hardest climb”. So, working hard is never a waste but it will always follow with good results. It is not necessary that one has to be perfect to achieve success but when we are putting the effort every single day, success will automatically follow us. It is quite natural to have stress during exams. But as the saying goes, “stop being afraid of what could go wrong, and think of what could go right”.


Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. The views expressed here do not reflect the opinion of the institution. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognised Commerce and Arts College. The editors are Dr Hewasa Lorin, Tatongkala Pongen, Seyiesilie Vupru, Vikono Krose and Kvulo Lorin. Portrait photographer: Rhilo Mero. For feedback or comments please email: dot@tetsocollege.org.

Tuesday, 6 February 2018

Nagaland: A State of “Schizophrenia”?- Munuvolu Lohe, Assistant Professor, Department of Education






On the polling day of 2013, the people of Nagaland stood in long queues just for one vote, believing that we were exercising our right and responsibility in building a better state. Nagaland today is the outcome of that choice we made. Come 2018, are we going to go down that same road again? Perhaps, it is time we seriously think about building a better Nagaland.





Nagaland: A State of “Schizophrenia”?



We all know the proverb “money is the root of all evil” but have we ever pondered as to what makes money evil or dirty? The answer is simple ‘greed’. When we look into our present Naga society today, we find that we Nagas are being skewed by oneself because of one’s avaricious mind. Permit me to say this, we suffer from “schizophrenia” of a different kind, which I would like to refer to throughout this article as a distorted obsession over money.  Healing is the need of the hour to bring us to the right state of mind. To have money is imperative but the craving  to have more is a sin. We Nagas adulate money so much so that we have become its slave instead of being its master. No doubt we need money to have a decent living but should it be at the cost of our unique life that is created by our creator? Love for money has blinded our perspective and value towards  an unambiguous and honest living.
Election is around the corner and every election seems like a replay of the previous one. Despite knowing what and where the problem lies, why do we keep on committing the same mistake every election? It is foolish and short sighted to focus only on immediate gratification and overlook the future. We need to join hands to get rid of the mental disorder that is caused by our lust for money.  Perhaps this is the wisest thing that can be done on our part. We are well aware of how the funds meant for the development of our society are being siphoned off by our political leaders, but we have lost our right to voice out against such acts when we sold our votes to them.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                   
It is true that not all people suffer from the above mentioned illness. There are some who have never  given into dishonest gains. They chose to stand upright guided by the ethos of honesty, bravery and hardwork set forth by our forefathers in the midst of the crouching wolves. It is because of their stupendous work that the Nagas are able to survive today. Had it not been for them, our people would have gone under the sinking swamp, and would never be able to hold their head high.


Leaders are chosen because people have faith in their ability to lead the society. But most of them have  become lovers of ‘Money’ and ‘Power’. Strong desire for more power becomes the root for the yearning of more money. Who makes them lust for power? It is we the people, because of our adoration towards people who have money and power.  This, combined with the lust for money ourselves that encourages our leaders to kill the prey and share with us? It is a vicious circle that continues.



It is certain that youths today are beleaguered over whom to choose as their leader, as none of our leaders in the recent past have delivered as promised. It starts with an attractive promise of a better future blended with patriotism but always ends with big potholes, broken bridges, dysfunctional educational institutions, rusted health centres and political prostitution. The same story is repeated every five years and this has not only eroded the hopes of the youngsters but it has also put the voice of the youngsters  at stake. On the polling day of 2013 the people of Nagaland stood in  long queues just for one vote, believing that we were exercising our responsibilities in building a better state. However, like every other election that has happened in the past, our hopes and aspirations were mercilessly massacred. The obsession for money from both the parties (citizens-political leaders) has given birth to a sorry state of affairs where the future is uncertain, our goals directionless and our democratic values a fairy tale.



Are we following the same footsteps of our leaders? Do we also suffer from the same sickness (schizophrenia)? The people of Nagaland need to get rid of this sickness, and it is high time we make it a thing of the past. Schizophrenia must become obsolete in us. The Nagas are already aware of the fact that a rotten potato spoils the entire potatoes and also knowing that prevention is better than cure, this sickness has to be completely prevented before the entire population becomes infected with it. The mistake of not thinking through must not happen ever again.

        
The time has come for us, the people of NAGALAND, to change our mindset before we jeopardise the lives our future generation. Let us not be a curse,  but keeping aside all our egos and greed let us create a better platform for our children.



In conclusion, let us join hands to make our state a better place and be courageous enough to stand for the truth. Let our hearts be so anchored in HIM so that we will not be intimidated by fear, insecurity and rejection of man in the face of opposition, and not be carried away by money and power in exercising our rights. Let our security be found only in HIM, who is the source of power, wealth and strength. The 2013 to 2018 Government was an acquaintance, a lesson to learn as we know the popular saying - ‘failure (of the Government) is a blessing in disguise’. But from now on, keeping oneself vigilant, calling our self as ‘The new generation of Nagas’ let us be the founding members of a ‘brighter Nagaland’, mending loopholes, bridging the cherished values and raising up solid foundations of many generations to come.
The better future is how we live today ‘Long Live Nagaland’!







Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. The views expressed here do not reflect the opinion of the institution. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognised Commerce and Arts College. The editors are Dr Hewasa Lorin, Tatongkala Pongen, Seyiesilie Vupru, Vikono Krose and Kvulo Lorin. Portrait photographer: Rhilo Mero. For feedback or comments please email: dot@tetsocollege.org.

Wednesday, 31 January 2018

Thoughts On ‘Solution before Election’ - David Hanneng, Assistant Professor, History Department.

image source- diff.co.in






The call for ‘Solution before Election’ seems to be the most catchy slogan of the day, but what if India goes ahead with the call. Can the cost of confrontation outweigh a more peaceful and patient approach? David Hanneng, Assistant Professor, History Department expresses his personal view on the current situation.






Thoughts On ‘Solution before Election’



The Nagas today have a funny way of being united for everything, be it against 33% reservation, against corruption, or against the government (read ACAUT rally). But soon, in a similar rally that was held by the ruling party, the Naga People’s Front, in Dimapur, thousands thronged again. We seem to be at a loss as to what we are really standing for!


Now, when the call for ‘solution before election’ is ringing again, we see almost all the civil societies and underground groups coming together. Has “the call for unity” become the fanciest thing in Nagaland to assert our ‘Naganess’? And for what!
To go more deeply into the issue, we stand at a crossroad for which we need a more matured understanding of the situation. To call for ‘Solution before Election’ seems quite appealing but let us look at the issue more closely. Firstly, if the Government of India (GOI) is sincere enough with its intentions and declares ‘the Solution’ before election, will all the civil societies accept it suo motto? Do the NNPGs already know the contents for which they are so eager for solution?


Secondly, if the GOI by heeding to the demands of the Nagas, and out of compulsion, give us a piecemeal solution, will we be ready to accept it (haven’t we had a similar situation in 1963 and 1975?) The Naga demand is unique in ways incomparable to other ethnic groups, and since it involves cross border issues, it makes it all the more complicated. Moreover, the NSCN-IM as well as the NNPGs has promised too much and when it’s time to deliver, the reality becomes different, and what India is willing to concede is diametrically contradicting. When Neiphiu Rio, the former Chief Minister of Nagaland, decided to contest Lok Sabha election, there were simmering hopes that he would ultimately deliver the Naga Deal. But let us remember that the RSS, which can be considered as the parent body of the BJP, is principally opposed to even the special privileges which Kashmir enjoys under Article 370. However, since the GOI of India has recognized Nagas’ ‘Unique History’, they might consider our situation. But can it be done through black mail?


Thirdly, boycotting a democratic country’s Assembly Election is a direct challenge to the Constitution and Sovereignty of a country. Our fore fathers might have opposed the early general elections in the 1950s, but today, India has changed and so has the Nagas. What if the government decides to go ahead with the election tooth and nail, how would we respond? If we respond by confrontation, do we expect India to watch silently? The heart of the matter is that if things turn violent, it can even impact the peace talk and delay it further which can be counterproductive and a monumental loss for the Nagas.  Let us not repeat the mistake that our fore fathers did when they showed their torso to Indian Prime Minister Nehru and U Nu, the Burmese premier, in Kohima. Hope Prime Minister Modi does not take things personally! Since we have already waited for 20 long years, why not wait a little longer for the process to take its due course.  India will have to give solution, and the world is watching. But will we be the one to derail it?


There is so much more to do before a Naga deal is signed.  As a people group, there are just too many internal rumblings within the Naga tribes itself, and if we are not even half-prepared to receive the deal, there might be greater bloodshed than we have witnessed hitherto. Besides, if the Naga deal is imposed by certain Naga political group, there would again be an equally strong reaction. Thus, at least some important contents have to be divulged and discussed. Moreover, setting the entire North-East India on fire because of the Naga deal would be too selfish an act.


Fourthly, what if there is no election? Will the present government continue and are the civil societies happy with it? Interestingly, the same civil societies which were against the misgovernance of the present government are now fighting indirectly for the continuance of their rule. Promulgating President's Rule in our state might have been a good short-term solution, but who will bell the cat? The youths which are fed up of the present dispensation are craving for winds of change but anyway, who is even bothered about the interest of youths in our society! The educated youths ourselves are mute spectators.


Lastly, what about the NSCN-K? This might be the most uncomfortable question for the Naga Political groups as well as Civil societies. But to not have them onboard would also mean that this Accord would not be the final Accord because once the present Accord is signed without them, the ‘underground’ gap in Nagaland would be filled by them and there would be ready youths available to join them for whatever reason. Besides, they would emotionally exploit some oldies’ dream for Sovereign Nagaland (which NSCN-IM and NNPGs have failed them, though NSC-K’s intention is also doubtful), and with them sitting strategically in Burma, arms supply should not be an issue. Thus, though the wait is painful, for the sake of our peaceful future, we just can’t ignore them.


Thus, there seems to be a need to set certain things right before we can welcome the solution. Confrontational attitude and chest thumping might seem ‘manly’ but our little steps of miscalculation in this big Indian chessboard might ruin an opportune moment of peace. Whether the government is really serious about Naga Solution is difficult to say but let us at least not be the one to spoil it.




Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. The views expressed here do not reflect the opinion of the institution. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognised Commerce and Arts College. The editors are Dr Hewasa Lorin, Tatongkala Pongen, Seyiesilie Vupru, Vikono Krose and Kvulo Lorin. Portrait photographer: Rhilo Mero. For feedback or comments please email: dot@tetsocollege.org.

Tuesday, 23 January 2018

Only One Life to Live - Namsurei Thomas Kamei, Assistant Professor, Dept. of Economics









How do you want to be remembered? Every day we makes memories, we leave behind a history of ourselves. What we make of our self today will tell a story about us after we are long gone. 






Only One Life to Live




History is replete with many great people ranging from various walks of life. They can be sportspersons, singers, soldiers, historians, scientists, statesmen, politicians, actors, humanitarians, doctors, teachers, entrepreneurs and from many other fields of life. Some of them are remembered for their spectacular successes, some for their unprecedented attempts and some, even for their monumental blunder. What is common in all of them is the fact that; they leave behind their history which is uncommon, and which is remembered for a long time; if not forever. Common people leave behind history too. The only difference is that their memories are not remembered by many and definitely not for a long time. Great people lived their lives while common people merely existed. Those who want great things in life must have fun while trying to achieve what they desire. 


According to an author, “Here’s what too many in society do: Get up in the morning; Work, thinking inside the lines the entire day; Come home; Watch TV and sleep. It is an altogether unremarkable existence. And, those people probably produce ultimately unremarkable results and lead average lives. Their memories are likely to be remembered for a short period of time. If you wake up in the morning and aren’t inspired every day to throw yourself to your work and life with 100% passion, you’re not living your life fully but  merely existing along. Perhaps they’re in the wrong field or have lost that creative spark.”


In many cases, inspiration may not come easily. Perhaps, we can start by thinking about the kind of memories we want to leave behind.


Different people have different aspirations. Those people who are likely to succeed are mostly the ones who live their lives with zeal. And these types of people have certain  common characteristics. Though it is not possible to make a complete list of all the characteristics, but by studying the life of well-known people; past and present, observing people in our daily life and learning about people in our own society, a comprehensive list of things that these people follow are given below.


Desire to achieve in life: No doubt people have wants in their lives and they go the extra mile to get it. Sometimes they can be obsessive about what they want. It is fine to be obsessive about what one wants because there is only a thin line between a genius and a lunatic. Moreover, you find means to get what you want no matter what.


Thinking minds: People who are inquisitive are likely to have a fuller life. Their minds are always at work making their  minds more sharp . Such people  are likely to achieve more than an average mind.


Connecting  with people: Engaging with people who you admire or respect or look up to will fine-tune you to be the person you want to be. However, being in the midst of people who give you false praises will distort you. With personality distortion, you will never be what you really want to become in life.


Competitive and ambitious:  The moment your ambition and competitive spirit are gone, you are likely to be where you are and achieve mediocre results. Being competitive with oneself and with others gives an opportunity to step up to the occasion. People who are likely to live fuller lives, find opportunities to refine themselves and are always competitive and ambitious.


Completing things: People set goals but only a few achieve them. One of the characteristics of successful people is they finish the things they started. It can be as simple as a word puzzle or reading a simple book. They will find ways to finish it.


Never stop learning: It is said that knowledge is endless. No one can acquire all the knowledge. At best, to live a fuller life, we can never stop learning. Changes take place constantly and it is probably impossible to keep track of all of them, but always trying to keep up with change  gives us the confidence to live and not merely exist.


Building trust: Relationships are built on trust. People, who have the trust of others, be it their bosses, their friends, colleagues or any acquaintance have more chances of succeeding and moving ahead in their life. However, building up trust can take time. Some say that it is an art. And, those who know this art are likely to live a fuller life.


It should be noted that people with the above-listed characteristics will not, all the time have a meaningful life and leave behind memories which will be remembered for a long time to come. It will not be possible for a single person to possess all the characteristics. However, the more the characteristics, a person has; the more likely he/she will live an impactful life. Recently, I lost a close relative. How he lived his short life (35 years) was known only by the number of attendees at his funeral. In my opinion, he possessed at least 4-5 characteristics mentioned above. He was passionate, eager to learn, mingled with people he wanted to be, never procrastinated and was always obsessive of what he wanted in life. This had me thinking; he left so many fond memories not only for the family but also for many others he came across in life. He lived his life.


We have only one life to live. So, let us  not waste our time but live our life in a way to leave fond memories behind.





Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. The views expressed here do not reflect the opinion of the institution. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognised Commerce and Arts College. The editors are Dr Hewasa Lorin, Tatongkala Pongen, Seyiesilie Vupru, Vikono Krose and Kvulo Lorin. Portrait photographer: Rhilo Mero. For feedback or comments please email: dot@tetsocollege.org.

Wednesday, 17 January 2018

Not Afraid To Learn - Amar Ranjan Dey, Assistant Professor, Department of Commerce




We usually associate learning with educational establishments and consider a person educated, if he or she has gone through the schooling system, completed college and graduated from a university. That is supposed to mark the end of learning. But in reality, learning is a lifelong process and acquiring a degree is only a small part of it. To be successful one has to keep learning and progressing at every stage of life. With the right attitude this is possible. 


 Not Afraid To Learn


In life everyone learns through experience. The more we experience in life, the more we learn and accumulate. Here, I would like to share an experience, which helped me realize that if we remain scared to explore and learn new things, it will only lead to further ignorance. A year ago, I went to Nepal with my family to spend our  winter vacation. During our stay there, I was expecting an important email but because of the change in my location I faced some difficulties in opening my gmail.  It was unfortunate again that I forgot my password and I kept entering the wrong password. After trying frantically for few times, I decided to change my password but it did not work either; since the code to change the password was sent to the number which I use in India and hence I had no access to it since I was using a different SIM in Nepal.   Sadly, I had to wait till I returned  to India to change the password.


All this time  I was unaware that there are ways to recover our Gmail account by filling up a form online. All we have to do is follow the link and answer some questions that Google will throw at us. By the way, it is always a good idea to review what information we have inserted in our Google security settings.


I had to learn about this from a friend of mine who is 15 years younger than me. And the moment I learned about this, it didn’t seem so difficult. Most of us are scared of diving into the unknown, of uncertainty, of unfamiliarity, of not knowing what’s going to happen. We are scared that things could go wrong, that things will be uncomfortable, and that things might not go as expected. The day I experienced about Gmail I realized one thing, that it was rightly said by someone that learning is a continuous process and a true learner will always look for avenues to learn from anybody and everybody. There is no bar on a learner’s age or for that matter the age of the teacher. Even a young child can teach us something which we may have not learnt till now. Similarly, an old man or a poor man can teach us something very important in life.


We often come across people and hear them say; “I’m too old to learn” Should we believe in such sayings? I hope not.


No matter what our age is, we can always start learning something. Teachers who adopt a lifelong learning mindset have access to information, and use it to collaborate with others. Learning teachers also view mistakes and challenges as part of the learning process rather than as failures. By embracing a student-like mindset and learning to turn self-education into a daily habit, we can sharpen our current skills and develop new ones while enriching our mind. Then, when the time to adapt arrives, transitions are less bumpy. And nowadays we have access to so much information through our computers that it is really easy to learn new stuff. So, age is no bar if one wants to learn. One learns about things through experience. People learn from their success, failure, achievement and disappointment in life. Learning is possible at every stage of life.


Again, hesitation is also one of the massive barriers in our life to progress and hold us back to know the unknowns. Unfortunately, it can also hold us back. If we are stuck in our life, we probably need to realize that we need to stop hesitating and start acting. We need to let go of our perfectionism and set goals for our self and then only we can see change in our life. If our goals are vague, we are less likely to get things done. However, if our goals are specific and measurable, we are more likely to achieve it. So, we should remember that hesitation does not mean doing something, which has consequences of its own. We all hit moments in life when we feel helpless. The test is how we react to that feeling. We can either learn from it and move forward or let it drag us down. 


People with open mind set and positive attitude pursue their passions relentlessly. There is always going to be someone who is more naturally talented than us, but what we lack in talent can be made up through our passion.
I would like to conclude by saying that regardless of our age, there is always room to expand our minds and explore the unknowns, follow our dreams keeping in mind that nothing is impossible.



Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. The views expressed here do not reflect the opinion of the institution. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognised Commerce and Arts College. The editors are Dr Hewasa Lorin, Nungchim Christopher, Seyiesilie Vupru, Vikono Krose and Kvulo Lorin. Portrait photographer: Rhilo Mero. For feedback or comments please email: dot@tetsocollege.org.

  

Wednesday, 10 January 2018

The Reckoning of ‘Naga’ Day- Phajathung Ovung, Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science





Today, 10th January 2018, Nagaland observes Naga Day in a courageous call out for renewed hope and reconciliation for the Naga people. A day that will be recorded in our Naga history, we take a painful look at, what in the views of some, our society has become or is gradually turning into - A society where social mobility no longer exists because the right to equality of opportunity and the right to live a dignified life have been curtailed by the already privileged class is no longer a healthy society. That society reflects a caste structure, and such a society in Nagaland is doomed for decay.


 The Reckoning of ‘Naga’ Day



The present Naga society is in a tectonic transition. Stark inequality of class division intensified with nepotism cannot co-exist with the idea of a free society and democracy. A social environment where everyone can thrive based on their labour, where there is freedom of opportunity and the right to live a dignified life can be brought about only if the society is built on the principle of justice and equality. The present Naga society however reflects these principles poorly.


Hoarding of wealth by the elites and leaders of the society has created a Brahmin like caste in the state where social mobility is literally impossible for a certain section of people in the society. The evergreen Naga saying, ”study hard if you want to make it big in life”, no longer includes people coming from the rural and sub-urban areas as education in the government institutions are in a sorry state of affairs, while the good institutions are too costly for everyone to afford. It looks like right to (proper) education is a privilege and not a claim anymore, reserved only for the well off sections in the society. The spillover of this privilege extends far beyond even to job opportunities.  From reservation to backdoor appointment, opportunities are reaped by the Naga Brahmins. It is also a harsh reality that the reservation system for the backward tribe has benefited only the creamy layer of the said tribes, simply flushing the goal of affirmative action and social justice into the toilet. And if that is not enough, backdoor appointments are also hijacked and bought in wholesale by our Brahmins for their sons and daughters (job security.... they say) until they clear the NPSC or start their own parents financed hi-fi imported business. No wonder we have a lot of government teachers and LDAs who move around in their own SUVs with private drivers. Justice and equality of opportunity in Nagaland has become like our tribal church announcement, “I would like to apologise if there is any non Lotha speaking friends, as we will be conducting the rest of our service in our own dialect”; an acknowledgement with an indifferent ease. The bottom line is, if you want to become, you have to belong.


While the whole society today talks about employment in the private sector, the harsh reality is, very few private firms are paying their employees enough to support a family. The rest of them either underpay their employees or exploit their labour to the fullest, and if that is not enough, some hospitals and educational institutions even cease the documents of their employees to prevent them from unceremoniously leaving their employer. It is slavery wearing the mask of employment. The idea here is not the abolition of private sector but unregulated minimum wage giving birth to a huge inequality in income artificially inflated because of greed and status quo. The impact of such denial and discrimination is not one generational, but inter-generational disability. In such a scenario, the sons and daughters of the low earning parents who cannot afford to send them to good educational institutions because the private institutions are too costly to afford, and the affordable government ones are rotting, will become the servants and employees of the privileged outside the state educated children of the emerging upper cast.


A cancer that is already growing in our society are the egoistic, pseudo guardian tribal bodies and clan organizations who would walk the extra miles of summoning and excommunicating anyone that challenges its status quo. The irony here is most of these bodies are controlled by the existing and retired bureaucrats and politicians sitting in their once upon a time government reserved land turned Beverly Hills like mansion, trying to shape the destiny of their community and tribe according to their own convenience. But what is even more dangerous is the forceful suppression of ideas, opinions and the right to dissent. Liberty has no meaning unless it means the liberty to go against the opinion of those in power and against an already established and accepted idea.


It is the right to conscience that gives meaning to civil and political rights and thus economic rights. In fact, the only real property that a person possesses is his right to exclusive control of his ideas and beliefs, and when this right is taken away, the human is stripped out of the being. In such a state the person is easily manipulated, controlled and used as a commodity. Such is the plight in our society today, which is further intensified by economic dependency on the elites by the poorer unfortunate sections. The unfortunate, whose decisions are dictated by the elites, can be seen during all elections (both general and village council); a mockery to democracy and a convenient dismissal to the idea of a clean election campaign. When basic rights such as this are robbed by the people in power, how do you expect the right to opportunity and right to live a dignified life from the same people?


“Revolution” is what is needed. Revolution not to overthrow the government or abolish the private sector as both are essential and imperative for the growth and prosperity of the state, but a revolution that strengthens the idea of a true social welfare state to protect and empower its citizens and a revolution challenging the existing status quo where few are thriving by enslaving the many. The problem however is not the lack of thoughts and ideas but courage.



Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. The views expressed here do not reflect the opinion of the institution. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognised Commerce and Arts College. The editors are Dr Hewasa Lorin, Nungchim Christopher, Seyiesilie Vupru, Vikono Krose and Kvulo Lorin. Portrait photographer: Rhilo Mero. For feedback or comments please email: dot@tetsocollege.org.
  

Break free from Exam Stress - Livi K Yeptho, Assistant Professor, Department of Education.

image source- indiaeducation.net Stress is a common problem that affects almost all of us, particularly students at some point ...