Tuesday, 29 November 2016

Nagaland: 53 Years & Miles More to Go -Shitio Shitiri, HOD Political Science, Tetso College





Nagaland celebrates 53 years of Statehood Day on 1st December. We are reminded of the words of the Nobel Prize winning playwright, George Bernard Shaw, “Progress is impossible without change, and those who cannot change their minds cannot change anything.” These words ring true especially with regard to our society where any sort of political, cultural, and socio-economic progress are inhibited by the doors of closed-minds that resist change and development. As we celebrate 53 years of Statehood Day, and with a month left to  welcome the New Year, let’s commit as citizens, to build a better and united society.


Nagaland: 53 Years & Miles More to Go


December 1, 2016 will mark Nagaland completing its 53rd Year of statehood. This is not a long time in the life of a state, but it has been long enough to accommodate dramatic changes in all areas. Nagaland received the status of a full-fledged state after a unique struggle, via the 13th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1962, although it was formally inaugurated on December 1, 1963. Perhaps over the years, there have been many things to be proud of, and as many things that have let us down.

We owe much gratitude to the selfless leaders who have contributed to the growth of Nagaland in spite of overwhelming obstacles.  But have we attained all our goals? Definitely not, and corruption has plagued our land. The menace has grown because those at the helm of affairs have discovered that the arm of the law is never long enough to rope them in. If there is one gaping hole in our roster of achievements, it’s the ‘lack of constructive endeavor, and corruption at all levels’. There is no substitute for substantive development, and adherence to good governance creates an environment where corruption struggles to flourish. 

Today, we witness mass revolts and strikes being organized because citizens have lost faith in the ability of the government. Government expenditures which are meant for security and welfare of the public, where are they ending up?

As per state budget 2016-17, the government allocated Rs 280.32 crores for the development of roads and bridges; and Rs 25.63 crores for the development of medical and public health infrastructure in the state. The allocated budget probably froze, considering the fact that the road conditions in our state remain absolutely deplorable. Health facilities in rural areas are still poor. In spite of the high literacy rate of 80.11 percent, as per the 2011 Census, there are 72,415 unemployed youth in the Live Register, comprising of graduates and diploma holders in various fields. Weirdly, our state government declared 2016-17 as the “Year of Construction Workers”, so as to provide relevant skill training, and encourage the youth to take up this profession. While the initiative may have a strong basis, it also begs the question of whether we have made beneficial use of the rich resources for our youths or is this a boost for mass migration of construction workers to mainland India. 

Nagaland has considerable natural resources of about 600 million metric tonnes (MT), above 20 MT of hydrocarbon reserves, 315 MT of coal reserves, 1,038 MT of limestone reserves, and an estimated 1,574 megawatt (MW) of hydro power generation, all of which remain unexploited. The figures and data on paper indicate the presence of huge investment opportunities and growth, so why can’t we tap the resources and utilize the same for the growth of state economy? The role of leadership, and the ability and willingness to walk the extra mile plays a crucial catalyst in development. Assam moved from the 19th rank to the 7th in economic development because of improved infrastructure and macro economy.

We wake up every morning to war cries resounding from every corner- of students, of N-Naga DAO, of SSA & NRHM employees on non-payment of salaries or scholarship, of NGOs & Civil society on backdoor appointments and mismanagement of funds, of media feuds between coalition partners and political pundits, Hohos against the government, and of other such troubled people. We read tales of misdeeds and corruption by our politicians, but rarely read about the retribution. “I’m the saving grace- true messiah!” The spectators watch the endless hypocrisy.  We have mastered the blame game and are skeptical to move beyond our comfort zone. Centuries ago, Athenian historian and General Thucydides said, “Some legislators only wish to vengeance against a particular enemy. Others only look out for themselves. They devote very little time on the consideration of any public issue. They think that no harm will come from their neglect. They act as if it is always the business of somebody else to look after this or that. When this selfish notion is entertained by all, the commonwealth slowly begins to decay.”  Glimpsing the degrading state of affairs, herculean effort on the part of the government is needed to eradicate the loopholes. Is there room for improvement in government programmes, or is it too complacent due to the lack of a strong opposition party? Are our social and economic problems getting worse? What lessons have been learnt from the present political crisis? Where is the rule of law, transparency, accountability, and public service ethics? What response has been given regarding the exposed potential weakness of our governance? It takes a committed leadership to accomplish a propitious change in society. The government should operate with integrity and impartiality. Its leader should be honest, moral, and virtuous.

We are being challenged with the lack of constructive endeavour, professional accountability, reliability, predictability, participation, technical, managerial competence, and transparency. Our real happiness does not depend on the fortune and type of work we do, or the money we get in return. Rather, it depends on the dedication and devotion with which we do our smallest duty. The future is not rosy, but we are now knowledgeable enough to mitigate the threat and challenges that confront us today. It is dark inside, and Nagaland is still waiting for the dawn. Let’s hope the wait wouldn’t be too long.



Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. The views expressed here do not reflect the opinion of the institution. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognized Commerce and Arts College. The editors are Dr. Hewasa Lorin, Anjan Behera, Dr. Salikyu Sangtam, Nivibo Yiki, and Kvulo Lorin. For feedback or comments please email: dot@tetsocollege.org.

Tuesday, 22 November 2016

Dream Child Dream! -Veduvolu Khusoh, Assistant Professor, Department of English




“To be or not to be, that is the question” is what Hamlet asked when faced with the dilemma of existence. Indeed, life attains its significance only in the face of such existential predicament: Is life worth living? Yet, what makes life worth living are dreams, dreams that give life its meaning and purpose. Without dreams, the essence of humanity is lost. What redeems us as persons, as individuals is our capacity to dream and dare to achieve that which we have envisioned for ourselves. Let not the fate of Hamlet be the fate of our society’s youth.

Dream Child Dream!

Several discourses have been carried out on the problems of youth confronting our society today. Informal discussions on this issue has become common with parents at homes and other places of gathering. Yet, solutions seem to be elusive. Increasingly, we are witnessing violent and restlessness, degrading moral values, rise in mental illness and disturbing fashions and trends. To top it all, much like Trishanku, our youth appears to be suffering from incurable dilemmas, which keeps oscillating at the crossroads of modernity and tradition.

There’s no denial that over the years there has developed a segregation between the two types of youth in our society. This calls for initiating necessary measures at the earliest before the gap becomes too prominent for change. I had the chance to get some insightful and personal stories of teenagers at a prayer institute. One in particular, a twisted story of a boy, got me thinking: we were never born wicked; it is the situation and certain kinds of treatment that branded us as evil and changed the direction of who we want to become.

This boy’s mother had left him when he was very young. After 18 long years, he reunited with his mother. But his mother would introduce him to her neighbors as her cousin. One day he decided to kill her for all the pains she caused him and for being ashamed of claiming him as her own son. With this single purpose of ending her mother’s life, he joined a satanic cult to gain extraordinary powers. Thankfully, perhaps by divine intervention, before he could realize his goal, he ended up at the prayer institute. His future appears bleak but he hopes to make it big someday.

Another story of a 15 year old girl: her parents sent her to a boarding school from Class I, though they lived in the same town. She hated it and felt unwanted. She wasn’t able to comprehend why she couldn’t live with her parents. In order to get their attention she tried all sorts of repulsive things, but in vain. She never could get what she wanted - the attention and love of her parents. However, if you ask her about her dreams, her face would immediately light up. She has so much passion for fashion and modelling. I wonder, will she ever get the support of her parents to pursue her dream?

One more: a young boy once told me that he has no aim in life, and there’s no point in having one because he’s not bright enough to crack competitive exams, and there is no hope in becoming an entrepreneur either as his parents are not rich enough to help him start his venture. I was confronted with a predicament for which I had no wisdom to offer. The ambiguous attitude of our youth towards government jobs being the only respectable and secure occupation is sadly too common. As far as entrepreneurship is concerned, many wrongly believe that only individuals from well-to-do families can become successful. We get so caught up with reports of corruption and other issues of our State that we neglect these issues that require our immediate attention. Our youth are highly misinformed about life.

One of the major contributors to these issues, I believe, is a lack of inspiring role models. We haven’t had a great leader that we could look up to in a very long time. If you ask the youngsters today who Dr Talimeran Ao is, don’t be flabbergasted by their response because they have no idea about the history of this great Naga footballer! The story of how Dr T. Ao led the Indian Football Team in London without football boots on his feet, or the story of how our brave Naga leaders walked for days secretly and managed to reach Guwahati to listen to Mahatma Gandhi remain unknown to the new generation. There are many inspiring stories like these, but sadly we are forgetting them all.

In Assam, an outdoor stadium at Koliabor (near Nagaon), and an indoor stadium at Cotton College in Guwahati has been named after Dr Talimeren Ao, but nothing befitting his legacy has been done in Nagaland. Why have we stopped glorifying all these great Naga people? Our youngsters should be aware of these sublime stories, feel proud, and be inspired. Being brave; standing up for what we believe in, even if it means sacrificing our lives and helping out one another in the community, is an integral part of our roots. These good-old-days’ tradition should be passed on from generation to generation as we progress towards modernity.

On the brighter side we do have so many extraordinarily talented and brilliant young people who need proper guidance to unleash their full potential. I am optimistic that if we come together as parents, educators, and citizens, encourage our youth to look beyond government jobs, give them enough attention and let them understand the value of family and friendship, adorn them with moral values, quality education, and equip them with life skills and a sense of patriotism, then, like a comet through flames we will seize the future triumphantly.

Is this visionary dream of another Naga woman going to the guillotine, to be mocked and then killed by her pessimist readers? Even though we are not too fortunate to have a glorious past due to our struggle for identity and freedom, we can still write our stories of victory. The past does not write our future, we do! If we filter out the best of traditions and modernity, nothing can stop our youth from going far in life. The question is this - is our society listening to our stories ... the stories of our dreams?


Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. The views expressed here do not reflect the opinion of the institution. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognized Commerce and Arts College. The editors are Dr. Hewasa Lorin, Anjan Behera, Dr. Salikyu Sangtam, Nivibo Yiki, and Kvulo Lorin. For feedback or comments please email: dot@tetsocollege.org.

Tuesday, 15 November 2016

QUALITY EDUCATION: A GAME CHANGER - Somungla Khamrang, Assistant Professor, Department of Education






E R Braithwaite in his 1959 novel, ‘To Sir With Love’, documents his life as a teacher in an American school during the post-World War II years. His students are unmotivated to learn and are weak in English. A dedicated teacher, he continues in his attempts to reach out to the students and motivate them. In response, the students grew equally rebellious and disruptive; owing also to the fact that Braithwaite was black. This made Braithwaite realize that he needed to change the way he was teaching the class. He began to treat them like adults and allowed the students to choose what they wanted to study. This radical approach helped his students learn and gain interest in studies and eventually, they all came to respect him as an educator after learning the evils of racism. That’s what education is all about, it aims to reform, and not just instruct. It aims to prepare young adults for a better tomorrow.

QUALITY EDUCATION: A GAME CHANGER 

Education is a source of survival. To quote Nelson Mandela, “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world”.  It affords a person to discover his or her innate capacity and potential. Certainly, education does not solely mean acquiring degrees or certificates, rather the mandate of education is to make the individuals productive and responsible. In the present century, most advancements are driven solely by the power of education. Many institutions have set up varied aims to keep in pace with the ephemeral temporality of this highly globalized and interconnected world. Now the concern here is - Do educational institutions create and provide culture and ethos in sync with needs and demands of the time? Do they prepare themselves on sustained basis to develop and promote the talents of budding generations to their fullest potential and stature? Are the educational institutions ready to mould and shape the future generation on solid grounds? Educational institutions should strive to provide quality education to the younger generations by equipping them with the essential tools required to compete in a highly competitive market. As we all know, securing good results is not the ultimate value of quality education. The value of quality education invariably rests in producing creative, morally upright, and socially responsible human beings. Therefore, educational institutions must not focus solely on exam results. Nor must they commercialise education in their efforts to attract more students.

There are numerous educational institutions prevalent in the state that aim to achieve certain standards of set goals, vision and mission. Having faith on the availability of quality education, individuals enrol to quench their thirst for knowledge. Yet, getting into the right educational institution also becomes important. It is not good enough to get into any educational institution just for the sake of it. When results are declared, students and parents are busy researching institutions that are best suited for admission. Nevertheless, considering the rush during admission season, educational institutions must not overlook the mandate of quality education in favour of profit and commercialisation.

The present generation compels educational institutions to restructure the dynamics of the teaching and learning processes. For this purpose, certain factors need to be emphasised to unfold that which is waiting latent in an individual.

In order to find the pearl, deep down in the sea that is perfectly enveloped in the shells, the sea should be crystal clear. Hence, restructuring or redesigning the educational environment is needed if we are to enable individuals to contribute to the well-being of the society.

One such example of educational restructuring or redesigning is the exchange programs. Exchange program is the need of the hour. In fact, exchange programs for both teachers and students alike can be one of the effective means for innovative learning and teaching processes.

For the refinement and refreshment of the knowledge, interaction with ‘guests’ from different states and countries is in great demand for the budding generation. Inviting professionals or experts from different departments of various institutions to interact at regular intervals will go a long way in inspiring the students accomplish their goals. Making use of information and communication technology can also add an element of innovative dynamism to the educational processes.

Benjamin Franklin said, “Tell me and I’ll forget, Show me and I may remember, involve me and I learn”. Opportunities should be provided where students can make use of the available resources by developing their ability to think critically, find innovative solutions of problems, develop creativity, make informed judgment, and meaningfully participate in the advancement of the society. To make students an active producer of knowledge, their participation and involvement is paramount.

Assessment and evaluation of students’ performance are an indispensable ingredient in ensuring quality education. These are used to gauge the progress made by learners, and can also be used to evaluate the outcomes of learning and accomplishment as well. Assessment practices must be meaningfully integrated with the entire educational process to promote productive and engaging learning experiences. This requires that the system of assessment and evaluation should be focussed on enabling and augmenting the ability of students to learn. It should be designed to evaluate in such a way as to take into consideration students’ efforts, their progress, or if they are facing academic difficulties. Such system of assessment should be transparent, and since students are to take responsibility for their learning they should be actively involved in their assessment as well.

Imparting quality education must be encouraged so that special attention is given for the development of personal skills and potential of the students through special care and protection. Audrey Hepburn said, “A quality education has the power to transform societies in a single generation, provide children with the protection they need from the hazards of poverty, labour, exploitation and disease and give them the knowledge, skills and confidence to search their full potential”.

Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. The views expressed here do not reflect the opinion of the institution. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognized Commerce and Arts College. The editors are Dr. Hewasa Lorin, Anjan Behera, Dr. Salikyu Sangtam, Nivibo Yiki, and Kvulo Lorin. For feedback or comments please email: dot@tetsocollege.org.

Wednesday, 9 November 2016

Honesty versus Corruption in Nagaland - Mhasilie Koza - Asst Professor, Department of Commerce






India ranked 76th in the list of corrupted countries in the world, while Denmark was declared the least corrupt in the 2015 Corruption Perceptions Index published by Transparency International (TI), a non-governmental organization whose non-profit purpose is to take action to combat corruption.  Denmark has one of the world's highest per capita incomes, and subsequently a high standard of life. Nagaland, on the other hand, is still struggling with corruption in many forms; backdoor appointments, proxy teachers, black market, truant officials, and fuel adulteration to name a few. We have a lot of catching up to do. It’s time to wake up and fight corruption in every form. 
 

     Honesty versus Corruption in Nagaland


Corruption! Corruption! Corruption! Everyone, everything, everywhere seems to be corrupted. We are all clear about what corruption is as educated persons. But when we are corrupt, how we can say that we are educated. All we can say is we are much more illiterate than the uneducated people with innocent minds.

What is Corruption? Anything that is not brought to justice is called corruption. Corruption, in one form or another, is a worldwide phenomenon. But everyone admits that corruption is something ugly, immoral, and detestable.

Wikipedia defines ‘Honesty as to a facet of moral character and connotes positive and virtuous attributes such as integrity, truthfulness, straightforwardness, including straightforwardness of conduct, along with the absence of lying, cheating, theft etc.’ Furthermore, honesty means being trustworthy, loyal, fair, and sincere.

Unfortunately, in our state, corruption has become a part of life. Corruption is everywhere visible in its unadulterated form: bad road conditions, mismanagement of government funds, non-payment of salaries for government teachers, and so forth. It has entered the very roots of Naga society. It has become so intrinsic in our society making it extremely impossible for anyone to be honest. Looking at our scenario, honesty seems to be the minority whereas corruption the majority. Corruption makes it impossible for one honest man to carry out the required task assigned to him/her smoothly. It has superseded honesty and plays a dominant role ruling over our Naga society today.

Clear evidence is seen from our local dailies, such as misuse and misappropriation of funds, backdoor appointments, pending of works, protest against non-payment of salaries and acquiescing to demands after strikes and agitations. Does honesty prevail in our Naga society? So when all these are clearly visible how can we say we live in a society where honesty rules. It is like a tug of war in the battleground between two different opponents: "Honesty vs. Corruption". So who do you think will be the dominant group? This is a metaphor of our society.

We live in a society where the sweats and rights of the poor public are lavishly enjoyed in luxury by the unthoughtful, corrupt and powerful people. Public cries are heard but ignored. It seems justice is itself up for sale! The numerous schemes are sanctioned and given by the central government for the upliftment of the poor people living in rural areas. Yet, if we were to inquire as to who the real beneficiaries of the schemes are we find that the actual beneficiaries are the politically influential groups in the society while the targeted people for whom such schemes were allocated are denied of the benefits. The very existence of ‘ism' in our Naga society is so entrenched that people become blind to differentiating between good and bad. The irony is that, instead of fighting against corruption our society sanctifies the corrupt officials simply because he or she belongs to one’s community or clan.

An example of corruption, given by a candidate (first-hand information): there was an advertisement put up in our local dailies for the post of ‘Dobashis’. The candidate happens to apply for the said position. But when he inquired about the selection process in the nodal office, ironically, it turned out that the post has already been filled even before the advertisement was put up. This is an unfortunate instance where aspiring and deserving people with no voice to raise and with nowhere to turn for help are slowly being deprived of all hopes. This is just a story of one candidate, but there are likely many more such aspiring candidates whose silent tears spilled go unnoticed. Is our state not a Christian state? All we can say and see is ‘Nagaland for Christ’ is being replaced by the word ‘Nagaland for Corruption’. It is us who are rearing and nurturing corruption into our younger generation. It is as if corruption is everything to us and we cannot live without it.

Brethren why let corruption chain us? Why can't we unshackle ourselves from the grip of corruption? Living a life of integrity is far better than a corrupted benevolent and respectful person. Our individual commitment to honesty is a guiding light; our spiritual commitment to purity is a saving light.

Every politician represents citizens who have elected them so that they will carry out good policies for the growth and welfare of the general public. If a politician is inefficient but honest, then with the power of honesty he/she can uproot corruption from the system. At the same time, an honest politician needs the support of the public and the majority to overcome the enormous odds and challenges in our State. 

A spiritual development like love, purity, honesty, unity, empathy, justice, happiness, etc. among people is where we see no or less corruption. The reward of honesty is honesty itself, for there is nothing better than honesty. No one can be good or great without truth and honesty. No matter what, truth always triumphs.

Let honesty emerge victoriously against corruption in our Naga society. 

Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. The views expressed here do not reflect the opinion of the institution. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognized Commerce and Arts College. The editors are Dr. Hewasa Lorin, Anjan Behera, Dr. Salikyu Sangtam, Nivibo Yiki, and Kvulo Lorin. For feedback or comments please email: dot@tetsocollege.org.


Tuesday, 1 November 2016

The Enigma Called Bob Dylan - Nungchim Christopher, Assistant Professor, Department of History.






Every Year the prestigious Nobel Prize is awarded by the Swedish and Norwegian institutions to those who have made invaluable contributions in the advancement of science, culture, and peace. The declaration of this prize is usually quite uneventful except for the awardees and their academic institutions. However, this year’s announcement was a deviation from the norm when the Nobel Prize in Literature was awarded to an American singer and songwriter, Bob Dylan. The controversy centers on the question as to the pertinence of conferring this  year’s Nobel Prize in Literature to a ‘singer and songwriter.
                               
                                             The Enigma Called Bob Dylan

I usually relax with soft country music before retiring for the night. That night I began with Kenny Rogers’ The Vows Go Unbroken, and Coward of the County, when somehow something changed my mind and I replaced Rogers with Bob Dylan. His unusual bittersweet voice always enchants me. After listening to some weighty questions he threw in about peace and war in his 1962 hit, Blowin’ in the Wind, and his prayers to his muse for inspiration in Mr. Tambourine Man, I was now on The Times They Are a-Changin’ when my phone beeped with an alert. It was my news app Inshorts giving its latest update, “Singer and songwriter Bob Dylan awarded the Nobel Literature Prize in Literature for having created new poetic expressions within the great American song tradition”. My immediate reaction was a shock. What? Is this real? I soon realised that Dylan’s song is right, the times they are a-changin’!

Yes, since the 75-year-old Robert Allen Zimmerman, popularly known as Bob Dylan, was conferred the Nobel Prize for Literature 2016 on 13th October, interesting mixed reactions have been pouring in from literary circles as to whether the Swedish Academy has made the right choice in awarding the troubadour. It’s not surprising that the naysayers are the minority, with the majority cheering. That’s Bob, an enigma, always captivating hearts throughout the five decades of his career. 

Don’t we believe that a singer needs to have a soft, sweet-sounding conventional voice to appeal to mass audiences? That’s not Dylan who’s endowed with a flat, croaky voice, a detail his critics often accentuate. They say he can’t sing, he croaks, ‘sounds like frog’, his voice is ‘very much like a dog with his leg caught in barbed wire’! It’s fascinating that this croaky and gravelly voice has long won acclaim. It’s not about perfect voice; it’s about believing in the honesty of what that voice is talking about. Subtly, he converted the shortcomings of his voice to his advantage by changing normal word accents and stressing certain syllables. This brought about a distinctive singing style and mind you, he frequently shifts the timber of his voice in the course of his career.

The very contradictions and conflicts within his art have also enhanced Dylan’s fame. It inflates his mystique and keeps fans glued. All is well with his gravelly-voiced singing style of traditional folk songs and covers of blues with his acoustic guitar and harmonica. He confronted social injustice, war and racism, quickly becoming a prominent civil rights campaigner. This made him a definitive songwriter of the 60s protest movement crowning him with an iconic stature. 

But enigmatic as he is, instead of basking and wallowing on, Dylan shifted his focus away to more abstract ideas, travelling around notions of deeper insight. His later songs centered more on personal and introspective ideas, and were subsequently far less politically charged. This changed focus outraged many of his radical admirers and friends. Not just was this shift in the themes of his songs but even in his music. His experimentation with electric amplified rock band was a shock to his folk fans who booed him, even calling him ‘Judas’ for ‘betraying’ folk music Dylan was known for. Wasn’t that experiment a symbolic turning point in music? Music, much like culture, must be dynamic.

Instead of being intimidated by fans’ discontent, he further shocked them by departing into exclusively religious songs, even suggesting that the social and political ills that his songs portray are but symptoms of a deep spiritual crisis. But within a short time, this ‘born-again’ Dylan stunned the Christian community by releasing his 1983 album Infidels, which many interpreted as a denouncement of the church. Actually, the album focused on some of the thorny geopolitical themes of a postmodern world. It brought an angry, inquiring Dylan back to his audiences who intensely desired to get their ‘real’ Dylan back.

Dylan mastered the art of ambiguity. Dylan does not provide answers but just goes about his business. When journalists tried to dissect the ’bigger meaning ‘of his lyrics, his evasive responses to them were often riddled with incongruous claims, half-truths, and sometimes even blatant lies. He always makes a conscious attempt to mystify himself and his art by ludicrous responses, thereby making his critics and media speculate. And how about his weird stage rituals where he would setup three microphones and only ever used the middle one? Why should he keep the lighting subdued throughout his two-hour concert, and mostly sing in the shadows? Why does he forbid photography at his concerts? Why did Dylan not say a word to the audiences and keep his back turned towards them in some concerts? Why did he refuse to roll out his hits when audience screamed for them? Why did he render his classics with a melody and phrasing so inverted from the originals that it almost sounded like a different number altogether? 

Thank god that weeks after keeping the whole world in suspense, he has finally acknowledged the Nobel Prize, saying that the news made him ‘speechless’. Yet, on him attending the December 10 Ceremony, in a typical cryptic-Dylan-style, he murmured, “If it’s at all possible”. That’s Bob Dylan, you don’t expect straight simple answers from him, and that’s what millions of his fans worship him for – being enigmatic!

Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. The views expressed here do not reflect the opinion of the institution. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognized Commerce and Arts College. The editors are Dr. Hewasa Lorin, Anjan Behera, Dr. Salikyu Sangtam, Nivibo Yiki, and Kvulo Lorin. For feedback or comments please email: dot@tetsocollege.org.

Rethinking the Issue of Migrants and Immigrants in Dimapur -David Hanneng, Assistant Professor, Department of History

image source- huffingtonpost.com Migration is a basic human nature with a desire for greener pastures. In the process, when one...