Tuesday, 19 September 2017

Mixed Martial Arts in Nagaland - Hivika Shohe, Class XII (Arts)




The world of fitness is flexing its muscle and within it Mixed Martial Arts (MMA) is becoming a rapidly growing sport. Conor McGregor, Frankie Edgar, Nate Diaz are some of the champions in the mixed martial arts world. This is against the backdrop of an unknown and derided Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC, a premier MMA organization) a decade ago. Today its value is over $4 billion. Hivika Shohe, a budding MMA fighter shares his thoughts on this combat sport. 


Mixed Martial Arts in Nagaland



Mixed Martial Arts (MMA) is a full contact combat sport that allows both striking and grappling, both standing and on the ground, using techniques from other combat sports and martial arts like Wrestling, Judo, Brazilian Jiu-jitsu, Boxing, Muay Thai, kick-boxing and so on. 


I came to know about MMA through some of my close friends from DPSD back in 2014. They would talk about it all day long in class, which sounded great to me and I finally started practicing it in 2015. I don’t distinctly remember my first class. I just introduced myself to some of my instructors and gym mates. The first day of class is always boring but because I had a huge interest and desire to learn this art, it wasn’t so for me. The first thing I learned is that inside the gym, everyone is equal and so our instructors and coach denied us to address them as “Sir”. They were like, “There are no sirs here, you can call me coach or by my name.” Because MMA is a combat sport, I always thought they’d be arrogant and bossy but it turned out to be completely the opposite. They were actually one of the nicest bunch of people I’ve ever met. I mean they were animals inside the cage (the arena for MMA sport) but I tell you, they are very humble, calm, composed and kind outside the cage.


I learnt tons of things from MMA. The place where I used to train is TCAN (The Combat Academy-Nagaland) Dimapur, and in that gym, martial arts like Boxing, Muay Thai, Wrestling, BJJ( Brazilian jiu-jitsu) are taught and I’ve learnt very well the basic techniques of those martial arts. Boxing is all about your punches and footwork, meaning how you move while you are engaged in that sport. Muay Thai is mainly the use of knees and elbows like the fights from the infamous movie Ong Bak. Wrestling is all about taking down your opponent to the ground. And BJJ is about submitting your opponent by giving him a submission. In simple terms, BJJ is all about hurting your opponent and making him tap (Quit). Striking is not allowed in this sport.
In TCAN, I’m known as a good BJJ artist, and I actually am better at it compared to those other arts probably because I have long limbs and most of the time I  dominate the game. Maybe the reason why I’m better at it is because I’m taught not to hit people. But the truth is I sometimes slacked off during other form of martial arts training days, because I was more into BJJ.  The other thing I learned is how MMA can never run out of things to teach you. You don’t graduate from MMA! So, people who really love MMA are very lucky because they will always learn new things to apply in their MMA journey and in their daily lives which is even more important.


I would say the prospect of MMA in Nagaland is pretty good. Ever since the establishment of TCAN in 2014, the first gym for MMA in Nagaland, the state has successfully hosted three Yoddha Fighting Championship (YFC) - a pan Indian Mixed Martial Arts promotion for amateur fighters. The first was in Dimapur (2014) the second in Mokokchung (2015) and the latest edition in Kohima (April 2017). In all these, we have seen a number of promising Naga fighters participating. At the grand finale of the YFC 2017, Imkong Jamir, a Naga lad from TCAN emerged as the champion in featherweight (61-66 kg) category.  Even the number of spectators that showed up to watch these fights is amazing. They are more than the spectators in other sports like football or badminton. Naga people are prepared to shell out cash to watch a fight. But having said that, MMA isn’t flourishing right now here in Nagaland and the reason, in my opinion, is because the fighters don’t consider MMA as a serious career option. To excel as a fighter, one must concentrate on the training, work hard and particularly focus on it, and not just go about playing all sports. Strict discipline and consistency both in training and diet are essential, which we Nagas often find hard to maintain. This goes for all the sports and not just MMA.


My personal experience with the struggle to become an MMA fighter wasn’t that severe. Yes, I did suffer to become one but it wasn’t so much that I have to write about it. Being an MMA fighter is tough though, and that is coming from a guy who only fought once. To compete in an MMA tournament, you have to train hard for months or even up to a year, maintain diet and all this just to fight for just 3 or 5 rounds. In an amateur tournament, 3 minutes are given for each round and 5 rounds are fought for the championship belt, so, you can do the math. The fight will be over if either one is submitted or knocked out. You train hard for a long period of time and if you don’t even go the distance (completing all the rounds without getting submitted or knocked out) then all the blood, sweat and tears that you put in goes to waste.




Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. The views expressed here do not reflect the opinion of the institution. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognised Commerce and Arts College. The editors are Dr Hewasa Lorin, Nungchim Christopher, Seyiesilie Vupru and Kvulo Lorin. Portrait photographer: Rhilo Mero. For feedback or comments please email: dot@tetsocollege.org.










Wednesday, 13 September 2017

My Trip to Molungkimong village - Nentile Kath Rengma, BA 5th Semester (History Honours)





The story of E.W. Clark’s arrival at Molungkimong village in 1872 and the subsequent foundation of the first Naga Church are fairly documented in literature. Reading about it is informative, yet, seeing the village first-hand, talking personally to the villagers, and being able to view actual relics associated with Rev. Clark and other pioneer missionaries is altogether a different experience. On 29th July 2017, the History Department travelled to Molungkimong village for this first-hand experience -                                                      Nentile Kath tells us more about it. 


                 My  Trip to Molungkimong village


“Travelling- it leaves you speechless, then turns you into a storyteller.” Ibn Battuta

Travelling has always been a passion for me but it has always felt like a distant dream due to typical problems like not having enough time or money. But recently I had an opportunity to visit a village in Mokokchung district, Nagaland and I realised that travelling need not always be to those extravagant faraway places. As long as you have an open mind and if you learn something from going to a new place which we had never been, it counts as travelling.


On a recent trip organised by the History Department, we got to travel to Molungkimong Village, Nagaland, the first village to accept Christianity in Nagaland on 22nd December 1872, through an American missionary Rev. Edwin Winter Clark. The trip made me realise how ignorant I had been about the history of my own land. I consider myself lucky for getting to know one of the most important events in the History of Nagaland, which brought about a lightening change in Naga society.


The sole purpose of the trip was to learn about how Christianity came into being in the Naga Hills, based on our academic syllabus. Apart from the purpose we also got the opportunity to learn about the sacrifices that the missionaries made, the stories, the valour of the unsung heroes and the root history of this important village.


The journey to our destination was not the most comfortable one, all thanks to the dreadful unforgiving roads of Nagaland and the constant rain as its accomplice.  The trip via the Assam road, however, proved a luxury for some few hours before hitting back to the not-so-merciful Nagaland roads again. If I were a tourist here, I might have already fled from the first feet of this nightmare, but alas I am still a daughter of this land.


With my prejudice, initially, I thought this village would be a typical one, which we town folks often tend to look down on. But how wrong was I! It proved to be completely contrary to my narrow presumption.


Jaded and tired from the nearly 7-8 hours journey I was ready to call it a day, but just as we reached the village I was enchanted by its beauty and the serene environment. The scenery, the mountain air and the amazing weather felt as though nature itself was welcoming us, and the smiles of the people made us feel at home instantly.


The villagers were very warm and hospitable making our sojourn very comfortable and satisfying. The most amazing thing I noticed, which set this village apart from Dimapur was their sense of cleanliness and discipline. It was a typical Naga village with a touch of elegance, which I couldn’t help but admire.


The village pastor and his colleagues were kind enough to handle all the responsibility of not only sharing the rich history of Molungkimong village and giving us a tour of the village, but also provided us the guest house, delicious meals throughout our stay, and every luxury to make our trip a pleasant one. Furthermore, they arranged a group of learned men from the village to help us gather the information that we came for. The church too welcomed us at the Saturday and Sunday devotional service, to share and sing for the congregation. The experience not only enlightened us spiritually, but also helped our department come closer as a family.


Our group went around the village and admired everything in it, however we also learnt that it was not always like this. Prior to the coming of Christianity, the villagers were mostly pagans and the village was often visited by epidemics, famines, crop failures and other natural calamities. The over burdening troubles made them seek alternatives, and it appeared in the guise of Christianity through the American Missionaries. With their coming, knowledge and health care followed which swiftly transformed their living styles and their narrow superstitious outlooks were done away with. The barbaric practice of head-hunting came to an end. Today, when we look at the village we find that it is now one of the forerunners of education and the harbingers of Christianity in Nagaland.


This incredible experience in this little haven has opened up my eyes and attitude towards the value of every Naga village and tribe. It has broadened my outlook towards our History and the rich legacy that every village holds. The very warm and hospitable people of this village portrayed the true value and characteristics of how a true Christian should be. Their love and kindness towards us has made me become emotionally attached to the village, making me wish to pay another visit to this lovely place.


We always think that the grass is greener on the other side but it may or may not always be so. It is high time we start appreciating what we are blessed with, instead of complaining about what we lack. This trip will remain to me, one of the best memorable trips and experiences of my life.




Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. The views expressed here do not reflect the opinion of the institution. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognised Commerce and Arts College. The editors are Dr Hewasa Lorin, Nungchim Christopher, Seyiesilie Vupru and Kvulo Lorin. Portrait photographer: Rhilo Mero. For feedback or comments please email: dot@tetsocollege.org.

Tuesday, 5 September 2017

India: A Tried and True Democracy? - Nungchim Christopher, Assistant Professor, Department of History

image source- velivada.com






Gandhi gave a call for Quit India in 1942, against imperialism. Today we can give the same call of quit India to intolerance, discrimination, injustice, and communalism with a sense of commitment and not just mere rhetoric. How tried and true is our democracy of ‘justice, equality, liberty and fraternity’?




India: A Tried and True Democracy?


“In the democracy which I have envisaged, a democracy established by non-violence, there will be equal freedom for all. Everybody will be his own master. It is to join a struggle for such democracy that I invite you today” was the call that Mahatma Gandhi made at the Gowalia Tank Maidan of Bombay (Mumbai) to launch the ‘Quit India’ movement in 1942, which is considered as one of the most pivotal and significant milestones in the country’s freedom movement. This was perhaps the strongest and vociferous appeal, the one rebel call that pushed India towards its ultimate freedom.

Recently, the Central Government and, of course, all the State Governments commemorated the 75th anniversary of this great movement. While commemorating and paying our due obeisance to the freedom fighters, it will also be fitting to ponder on the vision that Gandhi had then – an ‘inclusive, democratic and just India’ where everybody is equal – vis-a-vis the atmosphere and situations unfolding today. It is astonishing that he made some prophetic remarks in his ‘Quit India’ speech when he said that free India could be ‘placed in the hands of the Parsis’(Rajiv Gandhi was a Parsi) or ‘some others whose names are not heard in the congress today’ (Isn’t the ruling party in the centre today having no association with the Indian National Movement and so too with Quit India movement? In fact, the Hindu Mahasabha and RSS were against this very movement.)

Contrary to the vision of Gandhi, we seem to be encircled by rising intolerance - religious or otherwise and politics of hatred today. Isn’t our sense of nationhood welded in multi-religious, multi-cultural plurality? This vibrant plurality is actually the cement that is bonding our country together thus far. But in the recent times, the Hindu right wing organisations (parties) seem to be working to thwart this very plurality of India. The bigotry remarks of some senior politicians, that too with distressing frequency, are perpetually fanning the embers of a fear that the government is subscribing to make the country ‘Hindu-Rashtra’. The issues of Ram Temple, Love Jihad, Ghar Wapasi and of course the ban on Holy Cow (beef) consumption are what can be seen as a target to the minorities. The holy cow  issue (banning the sale of cows for slaughter) not just hurts the religious sentiments of Muslims and Christians but also lower-caste Hindus, who work in leather industries, and farmers because they will be deprived of a traditional source of income from selling non-milch and ageing cattle. More worrying than hurting religious sentiments is the violent manifestation of intolerance associated with this cow issue. It has led to the incitement of mass hysteria leading to lynching after lynching. Rowdy vigilante bands (gau-rakshaks) seem to have unleashed a reign of terror in different parts of India, which further accentuates animosity amongst different groups.

 
We also have witnessed the alarming increase in violence against the dalits in the past few years.  These acts of violence have risen not just in terms of numbers, but also in intensity. According to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), crime against dalits – ranging from rape, murder, beatings, and violence related to land matters – is alarmingly on the rise and going by the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) on the Prevention of Atrocities against Scheduled Castes, a crime is committed against a dalit every 18 minutes. This situation clearly defies the core ideology and spirit of the 1942 movement and it also strongly points that justice, equality, liberty and fraternity – the four basic tenets promised in our constitution’s preamble is not available to all but rampant oppression and discrimination continue unabated.


Gandhi’s dream of a democracy where there will be equal freedom for all, where everybody will be his own master seems to be under a big threat today. The rights of the citizens are not being honoured nor respected, the cultural diversity is not being accommodated and celebrated and there is a constant fear among the people to freely express their thoughts. The right to free expression, a crucial pillar of a democratic edifice, is eroding swiftly. Journalists, writers, scholars and artists are being persecuted, banned, imprisoned, forced into exile or had their works desecrated. In recent times the murder of journalists from Hindustan daily, Taza TV, Aaj Tak, threats and violence on media personnel and, of course, the government’s ban for a day on NDTV and News Time Assam are attacks on free expression. The same fate befalls on the rationalist writers and progressive artists who dare to challenge the narrow conservatism of the Hindu right wing organisations or criticize their bigotry. 


This intolerant atmosphere and shrinking free expression are permeating into educational campuses and threatening the very idea of what the universities are meant to be – free enquiry and open debate. We all are too aware of the incidences that had unfolded at JNU, Hyderabad University, Ramjas College, Jai Narain Vyas University, Kirori Mal College etc. These incidences are not just one-off episodes but, lately, have become new norms in Indian universities. These are attacks on what universities stand for. Understood, freedom of expression is to be exercised with reasonable restrictions but what we see today is the hijacking of this ‘reasonableness’ by the brand of neo-nationalism that the Hindu right wing is projecting. But, sadly, this invocation of ultra-nationalism appears to be mere excuse to justify the deliberate targeting of minorities.


75 years have lapsed since Gandhi gave the ‘Do or Die’ slogan to fight imperialism, for equality, democracy with non-violence. The relevance of this cry is very much vital even today when we seem to be just seeing a facade; a veneer of democracy imprisoned by narrow, divisive and conservative mindsets.



Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. The views expressed here do not reflect the opinion of the institution. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognised Commerce and Arts College. The editors are Dr Hewasa Lorin, Nungchim Christopher, Seyiesilie Vupru and Kvulo Lorin. Portrait photographer: Rhilo Mero. For feedback or comments please email: dot@tetsocollege.org.



Tuesday, 29 August 2017

LIFE OF A LEFTIE - Amenla Jamir, Assistant Professor, Department of Education

image credits-calgaryharald.com









Gone are the days when left-handers were prejudicially stigmatised and even linked to the Devil only because they were few and different from majority right-handers. That same difference, today, is seen as a unique attribute.     






                                   LIFE OF A LEFTIE 



Are you one of the 10-12% of the world population who is left-handed? Are you sometimes the odd one out living in a right-handed world? Do people make biased assumption just because you hold your pen, scissors, knife etc. with your left hand? Yes, I belong to that 10% of the world population as a result of which I had to face a lot of misconceptions concerning my personality. I used to wonder, is it genetic? Or is it, because of the environment? Both my parents are right-handed, so are my siblings. Studies have suggested that even scientists aren’t exactly sure why some people are left-handed but, they know that genes are responsible for about 25% of the time.


Life as a leftie is very interesting. Every new person you meet will have something to say about you being a left-hander. People have so many preconceived notions about you if you are a leftie. Some are like, “Oh ... you are a leftie? That’s so cool! I guess you are very intelligent, creative, artistic, smart, and good at math and so on; while it might be true, it does get a bit awkward when people find out that you can’t draw to save your life or complete a calculus sum. While some mull over the negative aspects, they say, ‘I read somewhere that most lefties die of some kind of cancer or suffer mental issue, and your life span is shorter so be careful’. And there are some (even my parents) who say that it’s not very cultured to do everything with your left hand. The culture comment might be because I have food with my left hand, which for some people is an indication of lack in culture or maybe because people use their left hand for toilet purposes and their right hand for greeting people. In the Bible, the favoured sat at God’s right hand. Every mention of left-handedness had a ‘sinister’ connotation in the Bible, but if we look closely, no verse in the Bible considers being the lefty as a ‘SIN’. Even the word ‘sinister’ comes from the Latin word sinistra meaning left. The kind of prejudices against left-handed people was worse during the 17th and 18th centuries. It was said that during that time being left-handed was associated with the DEVIL, and the devil baptised his followers (left-handed) with his left hand. I for one am glad that I was not born during that time because surely I don’t want to be called a DEVIL’S daughter. This is not the case now since it’s been accepted with the changing times and mindset. People look at right-handers and lefties more-or less the same now.


But lefties still face some problems in the right-handed world on a daily basis. Being a leftie can be exhausting, and sometimes downright excruciating. But what choice do we have? We can’t suddenly train ourselves to be right-handed. It is NOT a myth that left-handers have trouble with all sorts of everyday articles and tools. From spiral note books to study desks, cords on kettles and pots to can-openers; the list is endless but I present to you some of the top leftie laments. SCISSORS are our great archenemy-NO you can’t turn right-handed scissors around. Somehow, the paper just ends up all crumpled and cut into uneven pieces. A pen which is regarded as a student’s best friend is not so for a leftie, every day we have to deal with ink smudge in our hands. And it is not just about the smudged area at the side of your hand but sometimes we even end up smudging our entire written work. Mouse-pad causes another problem; every time we have to change the position of the mouse-pad and bring it to the left side but even if you extend the cable to get it on the left side, the hand on the mouse is still intended for a right-hander. What a pain! Life inside the kitchen is not easy as well. Vegetable peelers don’t work for lefties, either. They only have one sharp side; they are designed for the right-hander. The sharp side of the blade is at the bottom while it is in the hand of a leftie resulting in uncomfortable peeling motion and ugly looking size and shapes of vegetables. Even our old saucepan lip is on the wrong side for a lefty so imagine trying to pour anything from the saucepan; it’s a struggle! These are only a few, but the list is endless.


We, as human beings, often end up complaining about our life in general and as a leftie the frustrations are double, but on the bright side there are some things that do work in our favour or so research says. Studies have found out that lefties are good at multitasking; lefties write faster as compared to their counterparts, they are adventurous (maybe, maybe not). There is even a chance that we might become the president of a Nation, the reason being that with the exception of George W Bush and Donald Trump the last six United States leaders have been left-handed. Interestingly, many famous and renowned personalities like Oprah Winfrey, Bill Gates, Paul McCartney, Tina Fay to name a few are all leftie. 


One thing you will not lack as a leftie is ATTENTION. Every new person you meet will undeniably notice you for the sole reason that you are a leftie. The stigma and shame of left-handed people have long disappeared, but the mystery and fascination remain. Maybe we will never know what really causes left-handedness, and how it makes such a difference in our lives.



Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. The views expressed here do not reflect the opinion of the institution. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognised Commerce and Arts College. The editors are Dr Hewasa Lorin, Anjan K Behera, Tatongkala Pongen, Nungchim Christopher, and Kvulo Lorin. Portrait photographer: Rhilo Mero. For feedback or comments please email: dot@tetsocollege.org.

Tuesday, 15 August 2017

Comfortably Silent - Kvulo Lorin, Director-Administration








Corruption is rewarded but is bad because it discourages hard work. Free money is bad because it does the same. It discourages those who are working so hard, to give up.






Comfortably Silent




I remember when I was in College I could wake up, brush my teeth, wash up and pick my least wrinkled clothes, and reach class in under 10 minutes. It took me just five minutes to get ready, another five to catch transport and reach class on time. Getting an extra five minutes of sleep was more important than food for me those days. I pity the students trying to do that in our state right now. Despite living in this new modern age of high speed internet, fancy cars and sleek cell phones, students of Nagaland can forget about trying to reach class in 10 minutes. In fact, some students can probably forget about even using their own car to reach class on time. With bridges around us, either collapsing or on the verge of it, students dependant on it to reach their destination on time, probably need to climb, run and swim to their schools and colleges. If a student is being dropped by their parents by car though, it gets even better. They get enjoyable forced family time for up to 3-4 hours while using our national highways to reach their destination. Idea: If you want to have a long meeting or conversation with someone then take a car, and ask them to accompany you from Dimapur town to Chumukedima. It is just as fun to travel the Kohima - Dimapur National Highway (National Highway?!... you got to be kidding me) because you get this amazing sense of accomplishment that you actually managed to reach your destination. I am sure many people with SUV’s have been able to traverse this great national highway at faster speed and times but I heard taxi’s can take 5 hours at two to three times the cost. 

To be fair, I shouldn’t be so partial and rant on roads. There are so many other government departments doing just as well, if not better (sarcasm intended). We are in the news for our police department, education department, supply and I think I recall a whole bunch of names for Illegal appointments (?) for various Assistant Professor positions at some of our higher educational institutions.



The amusing thing is, we have a very convenient scapegoat for all of these problems… the PUBLIC.  We are all to be blamed, we took money during the elections, we can’t think beyond tribalism, corruption is a way of life… etc. I quote a part of my Facebook Friends status here “When we say that the public is also to be blamed for the messy situation we are in, does that mean that the baby girl who was born last night in a remote village in Myanmar border is also to be blamed?” He also points out that using this as an excuse to legitimise corruption is just not valid. It makes sense because the magnificent personal mansions, cars and whatever the corrupt acquire during their time in power does not revert to the public again. Logically speaking then, rather than using the public as a scapegoat, shouldn’t the public blame the authority who has the power and position to take decisions?



What we are experiencing today is not something that has happened overnight. It is the fall out of years of corruption. It is almost scary to read the views and expressions of unadulterated emotion on social media. The sarcasm and mean humour of our leader’s memes circulate fast and thousands probably silently lurk and while a few boldly comment. Back in the real world though, we seem to be comfortably silent. Many Non Government Organisations are silent in the print media and their leaders do not seem to take a stand often enough, nor seem to be able to work together to get our government to fulfill its own duty. The government also has often remained silent on critical issues and adopted a silence on sensitive issues. So, how does a common man get heard now if NGO’s only echo the view of the government or remain comfortably silent? It would almost seem that many of the NGO’s have some political affiliations and many influential people are scratching each other’s back.

To be fair, our leaders have their work cut out for them. It is not always easy to be a leader, especially in Nagaland. The current system of governance seems to propagate the loyalty system, albeit a unique loyalty system that may be called the “short term loyalty system”. If you are “loyal” to the leader then there are better chances of stealing from government funds, if you are related then you have an in-born right to have special privileges or make taller demands. People believe the ministry takes cuts for every project, people don’t really trust the bureaucracy, our infrastructure is crumbling, unemployment is a ticking time bomb. How do we even get out of this mess?! Will deft political manoeuvering and changing of portfolios actually fix the roads and improve our economy? Technology is advancing so rapidly that it has already begun to outpace the law and regulations. Confidential official documents are being widely circulated in social media and government decisions are now kitchen talk among one and all. In this type of environment where every move of our leaders is being brought out to the open, under micro scrutiny, to be questioned, dissected and also challenged, can our leaders hope to appease the entire population by doling out sops and favours to a select “loyal” few?

It is not easy to be a leader in Nagaland, but if someone truly wants to be a leader then maybe it is time to start leading and providing solutions. Everybody already knows what the problems are. The government is a powerful entity which greatly impacts the economic, health and education policies of the public.  Our leaders need to hold themselves accountable for the current state of affairs we are currently facing. It is they who take the final decisions and not the public, the public has absolutely no direct say over many of the policy decisions they make. We expect our leaders to represent us at the Centre and likewise our MLA’s to represent us at the State Legislatures. We expect our leaders to fight for our basic necessities… not fight among themselves. If Nagaland is going to get better then I think leaders need to realise they need the respect of the public. Having power alone will not be enough to get TRUE respect. But respect is earned. Never given. It is time to hear and see leaders acting on their promises and word. If things keep on going in this manner then I fear the so called public will not always remain comfortably silent.  



Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. The views expressed here do not reflect the opinion of the institution. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognised Commerce and Arts College. The editors are Dr Hewasa Lorin, Anjan K Behera, Tatongkala Pongen, Nungchim Christopher, and Kvulo Lorin. Portrait photographer: Rhilo Mero. For feedback or comments please email: dot@tetsocollege.org.




Tuesday, 8 August 2017

My Adventures with Zumba- Kahor Raleng, Supervisor, Higher Secondary Section

image credits- pinterest.com



Nagas are great foodies! And yet, many of us find it difficult to maintain a healthy routine in our active lifestyle. Staying fit and healthy could be challenging with our busy schedules and we often come up with excuses to avoid working out. But it is just a matter of priority and our commitment towards healthy living.  It’s time we understood that the benefits of a healthy life go far beyond aesthetic satisfaction.


My Adventures with Zumba 


Over the past few days, there has been enough hullabaloo over the political scenario, clean elections, the flood situation, broken bridges, condition of roads, and the overall mess in Nagaland. It appears like there is nothing to be desired in Nagaland. I will not present you with another depressing scenario, neither will I give you my ‘know it all attitude’ answers, just for the simple fact that I don’t have any. In fact, I shall not dwell on this depressing topic but rather propose to take you on the interesting topic of ‘Life of a healthy (read that as overweight) person’.

I have always been on the heavier side, and have never exceeded a weight of 60 kilos. But one fine day when I weighed myself, the scale read 62 kilos. I did a double take and was totally shocked. I was on the verge of becoming obese! Overweight was okay....but obese? And at this age, the age when everybody around me wonders why I am still single! No way! I decided to take some drastic steps, and that something came in the form of Zumba classes, a dance fitness program, for a month. I joined immediately and felt so good about it. The classes were to be for an hour which would consist of dancing and some body combat. That sounded easy and simple enough.  I had dreams of losing several kilos by the end of the month and even imagined wearing those petite dresses I could not wear anymore. The future looked very bright and promising.

We were all excited and ready to go. Half way through the first session, I realised that I was so lost trying to catch up with the steps. I looked around to see whether the others were as disoriented as me, and was relieved to discover that they were also equally lost. That was a huge consolation. It will be an understatement to say that it takes time to get the steps. We came to the end of the first session and I was all sweaty, breathless, and dazed. That ‘feel good factor’ was so high and I ignored all the aches and pains. By the end of the week, my body was literally screaming out with pain. I felt like I had been beaten all over. My face looked thinner, and my skirt appeared looser at the waist.

My confidence level sky-rocketed and this feeling of confidence made me feel that it was okay to have the chowmein in the college cafe, whose aroma been tempting me as I passed by. I reasoned that it was just a plate of chow. Then it went on to become ‘just’ a plate of fried rice. When I finally realised that it was stuffed with oil, I opted for Galho (the healthier version). The galho was delicious and so within no time, a bowl of galho became two bowls of galho. My confidence level was still very much intact to remind me that I needed food to give me stamina for the Zumba & Body Combat sessions where I will be losing more weight. Our instructors had also told us to eat right and not to go on an extreme diet, so that justified it. Our Body Combat levels were upgraded and so I had to upgrade my food intake too.

The workout had become aggressively intensive with lots of squats and other tough moves by the third week. The pain in my body had also become extensive that I had to drag myself to Zumba classes. At the same time, I had to drag myself away from food because my appetite had grown. Even chapatti, which I normally hated and had just two pieces for dinner, was now upgraded to four within no time. And to top it all, this wonderful niece of mine was on her summer break and thus received me every evening with tea and all sorts of calorie filled cookies and cakes.
By the final week, I have gained a lot of insight into the way foods taste and had developed a fascination with the different flavours. I started experimenting and even had a bowl of sticky rice cooked in dollops of butter, sugar and milk with axone pickle. In normal circumstances, I would never have eaten a spoonful. But these were not normal times; I was supposed to be losing weight and my urge for food had heightened to an uncontrollable horizon. I have also developed a liking for Zumba, now that I can follow the steps to some extent.

Anyway, one whole month has gone by and now it’s time to see the results after all that hard work and so I weigh myself. Alas! I had lost 1 kilo.

This whole experience has made me realise several things. Firstly, that we give too much importance to size. My motivation for joining Zumba was because I wanted to become thin. The way we perceive an individual depends on their size, our definition of beauty is defined by size and our motive for exercising is inspired by size. The ultimate goal should not be to become thin, but to become healthy! The benefits of exercising are numerous. Exercise enhances our body posture, refreshes our mind and keeps us active and healthy. It doesn’t matter whether I achieve a size zero, what matters  is that I stay healthy and fit. We need to do away with the perceived notion that only thin people are healthy. One can be on the heavier side and be healthy as long as one eats right and exercises regularly. A balanced diet along with moderate exercising should be a part of our daily lifestyle.

Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. The views expressed here do not reflect the opinion of the institution. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognised Commerce and Arts College. The editors are Dr Hewasa Lorin, Anjan K Behera, Tatongkala Pongen, Nungchim Christopher, and Kvulo Lorin. Portrait photographer: Rhilo Mero. For feedback or comments please email: dot@tetsocollege.org.



Tuesday, 1 August 2017

Golden Garbage Rules: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle- Sushmita Bhattacharjee, Assistant Professor, Department of History

image credits- englishexcercises.org






The demotion of Dimapur from 13th (2015) to 277th rank in the nationwide cleanliness survey 2017, conducted by Clean India Mission, may be taken with a pinch of salt; yet, it’s undeniable that our city is besieged by a menace of garbage disposal. Should we just point fingers at the DMC for this mess or admit our share of responsibility here?




Golden Garbage Rules: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle

Our state is faced with great challenges due to urbanization and population growth but the most compelling one is the garbage problem. On one hand, the towns have progressed a lot in different fields starting from business to industries to the living standard of the people. But on the other hand, it is really disheartening to see the pathetic condition of garbage management in Dimapur which is the major commercial hub of Nagaland and Northeast as well.

As soon as the train starts chugging in, making its way to the platform, we are welcomed by several unpleasant sights of heaps of garbage lying everywhere. Garbage heap is a common sight by the side of the roads, streets, bus stations, hospitals, footpaths and so on.   A permanent stench in the air from the aroma of ripe garbage is everywhere. It is shocking to see how some hawkers even sell food and other stuff amidst the stink! However, the unhygienic state does not end there but extends beyond to the popular commercial and residential areas too. Our roads have become a dumping ground and every nook and corner is filled with the smell of urine. This clearly shows the lack of civic sense and absence of ethical behaviour among us.

Though the municipal corporation is trying to do their work effortlessly from 5 am every day till 8 pm, the public seem least bothered in keeping our environment clean. People start littering their surroundings immediately after the cleaning teams have cleaned the area. Instead of using the dustbins or garbage disposable bins which are provided in every locality, people find joy in dumping their trash in every open space they find. The educated Dimapurians also tend to ignore the boards which read: “No spitting” or “Dumping of garbage is strictly prohibited”, making them look like irresponsible and uncivilized citizens.  It is quite a common sight to find betel nut stains in any public places and empty packets of chips and sweet wrappers which further blow in the wind, clogging up rain gutters just in time for the monsoon.  Thus, the absence of civic consciousness is exasperating in our state.

Heaps of rubbish not only make our towns and cities stink and looks terrible, but it has more serious problems associated with it; it has adverse effect on our sanitation and public health. Food waste is all biodegradable and eco-friendly, but the problem is the plastic garbage which is non-bio-degradable and is the biggest threat to our eco-system. All these choke the sewage lines and often get into the waterways and degrading soil and water quality as they break down into toxic bits, giving rise to diseases like malaria, dengue, swine flu, chikungunya, and overflowing waste causes air pollution and respiratory diseases. And, as the summer and monsoon arrive the spread of diseases is only expected to get worse when the major drains in the city can be seen clogged to the garbage, which results in poor drainage and the dirty rain water gets spilt on the road leading to temporary or artificial flood.

Our state receives quite a good number of travellers every year during Hornbill Festival and occasionally throughout the year. Most of the visitors come to our state to know and experience our  rich culture, heritage and history, but instead, they experience a completely different prospect of dirt, stink and unhygienic living conditions. Despite that, we seem to have done nothing to clean up the heavily polluted and dirty areas. Are these awful sights what we want to project to the tourists? I hope not!

So, where does the problem lie? I believe in the very simple truth that garbage problem is an attitude problem and not a management problem, and unless the common man is given a stake in finding a solution, the garbage problem will only continue to grow. Our laid back attitude towards the problem of garbage disposal will lead to greater problems like pollution. We are so tolerant towards every wrong thing.  We are tolerant towards drivers who break the rules, tolerant towards our corrupt leaders, tolerant towards the garbage lying around us and so on. In fact, tolerance has become a part of our culture.  However, by merely pointing out the problems will not help us in any way.  We are getting so used to the problems being pointed out that it is reaching a stage where it would even fail to register. We simply compromise with it and get on with our life. But that is not an option.

It is time that we do something concrete.  Maintaining cleanliness should not be the responsibility of the government alone. Take a leadership role within your company, school or neighbourhood. If you have great ideas share it! Innovation moves us towards a more sustainable world. Would it not be great if all those living in the cocoons come out from their shell? Out of a hundred, if even a few feel the realization that their approach would help, it would be a small step in the right direction. Let us commit to follow the three R's in our daily lives, i.e. Reduce, Reuse and Recycle. This practice will benefit us immensely in maintaining our health and environment. Priority should be given to proper drains and garbage disposal.  Let us remember that no problem can be local in an interconnected world. Let no negligence be allowed as it is directly connected to the health of the people of the State.


Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. The views expressed here do not reflect the opinion of the institution. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognised Commerce and Arts College. The editors are Dr Hewasa Lorin, Anjan K Behera, Tatongkala Pongen, Nungchim Christopher, and Kvulo Lorin. Portrait photographer: Rhilo Mero. For feedback or comments please email: dot@tetsocollege.org.






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